In the News - Friday,
August 28, 2009
stories written by John or
Elliott unless otherwise noted
this week's FRONT PAGE (PDF)
Sequoia National Park rangers are investigating
a report received Saturday, Aug. 22, of shots fired
somewhere in the vicinity of Crystal Cave. The popular
summer attraction was closed at 3 p.m. that day and
has remained closed all week as a precaution.
“Right now the plan is to reopen Crystal Cave
on Saturday, August 29,” said Adrienne Freeman,
Sequoia National Park public information officer.
“Safety of park employees and visitors is foremost,
and it’s not worth the risk having anyone in
the area until the investigation has been concluded.”
NPS rangers have been conducting flyovers
in the steep terrain below and around Crystal Cave
in an attempt to locate where the gunfire might have
originated. The incident commander heading up the
investigation is Dan Pontbriand, Sequoia district
There is speculation that the gunfire
came from an illegal pot plantation or someone might
be illegally hunting in the area. Freeman said the
park will release more information on the incident
Friday, prior to the reopening of Crystal Cave.
Anyone may report information anonymously
on this incident or any crime in the national parks
by calling 1-888-NPS-CRIME.
For some folks seeing or just knowing
that a giant sequoia has fire in its crown and its
limbs are crashing to the forest floor below is enough
to evoke tears of sadness and stir deep emotions.
To witness the death of one these majestic monarchs
is a tragedy nobody who witnesses it will ever forget.
So this week, when it was discovered
that a giant sequoia, perhaps thousands of years old,
was engulfed in flame as a result of a prescribed
burn near Crescent Meadow, there were several calls
to the Commonwealth voicing a collective plea to look
into this latest burning of another Big Tree.
Since the accidental burning of the Washington
Tree in 2003 during a prescribed fire, then listed
as the second largest tree in the world, park policy
on the protection of named trees is very specific.
“We protect named trees from fire unless it
is a safety issue,” said Deb Schweizer, parks
fire education specialist. “Apparently, the
tree in question was an unnamed monarch that already
had a structural weakness that allowed fire easily
to get in.”
Deb explained that like all organic things,
these trees die as a part of the life cycle and during
their lifetimes are changed by natural processes including
“Fire has created several trees that visitors
love to see like Tharp’s Log, the Chimney Tree,
and Tunnel Log to name a few examples,” Deb
said. “This process is continuing now and will
create the next generation of hollowed trees that
The recent burning near Crescent Meadow
was the aftermath of a 64-acre prescribed burn that
was ignited the first week of August. Fires of this
size and scope generally are permitted to creep and
smolder in the forest until they are doused by an
extended period of precipitation.
Solar Star is rising
by Brian Rothhammer
Want to reduce your carbon footprint,
reduce global warming, and save money while you’re
Perhaps you’re already doing your
part to reduce, reuse, and recycle but would like
to do more. What about those fancy solar systems?
Are they cost-effective for the typical Three Rivers
homeowner? And where does one go to find out?
Phil Gomes, a licensed contractor for
10 years and lifelong Three Rivers resident, has the
answers. Phil has just completed an intensive immersion
in the practical applications of state-of-the-art
solar energy systems for homes and businesses.
Phil has long cultivated an interest
in solar energy and is very concerned about the effects
of over-consumption of fossil fuels on the environment.
As a contractor, that wasn’t enough. Phil believes
in building for a better future.
Already an authorized dealer with Sunwise,
a provider of complete, engineered residential grid-tie
systems with the largest inventory of products of
any solar distributor in North America, Phil sought
out some hands-on experience.
Opportunity knocked when Randy Norris,
an old Three Rivers friend, who knew of Phil’s
passion for solar, offered him a job with AC Solar
of Colorado. As service manager for AC Solar and with
six years experience with the 20-year-old company,
Randy showed Phil the ropes.
Now armed with the latest advances in
solar technology installations and knowledge of all
the current incentives offered by the federal government
as well as the California Solar Initiative, Phil Gomes
knows solar and longs to see his Solar Star rising.
Solar Star is Phil’s new Three
Rivers business. With one call to Solar Star you could
be on the way toward energy independence and on the
front line of environmental responsibility.
“The technology that is available is amazing,”
said Phil. “The benefits go beyond ecology and
include energy independence, price stability, tax
relief, and increased property value to name a few
of the direct benefits to the consumer.”
Southern California Edison is required
by law to issue credits for each kilowatt a customer
generates in excess of their usage. Indeed, one feature
of the grid-tie system is Net Energy Metering, where
a fully automatic bi-directional meter manages the
energy flow to and from the grid silently and efficiently
while you relax and enjoy an energy-efficient home.
Grid-tie solar electric systems are a
tried-and-true residential application and are adaptable
and upgradeable. As a complete engineered system,
they are quite user friendly. There are no moving
“In Colorado, I have seen systems over 20 years
old that are still more than 80-percent effective,
and with the advances and improvements since, today’s
systems are even more reliable.”
With the 25-year warranty that comes
with modern solar panels, a home or business owner
can rest assured with decades of trouble-free service.
Got solar in your future? If the answer
to that question is yes, give Phil a call. Perhaps
you’ll be the next Solar Star.
Delaware North commemorates
milestones: Part Two
Bearpaw High Sierra Camp:
75th season is much like its first
Each morning and night, from the middle
of June to the middle of September, a member of the
kitchen crew at Bearpaw High Sierra Camp bangs the
large, rusty pan that is hung up by the rear porch
of the rustic dining tent. The gong-like sound reverberates
off the granite walls — the unmistakable sound
that has called camp guests to breakfast and supper
much in the same manner since 1934.
There are only scant traces of receipts
and records from the early days but legends and stories
have survived, passed among the generations of camp
guests, workers, and High Sierra Trail users. The
famous HST route to Mount Whitney was started in 1928
and completed four years later to Kaweah Gap, the
trail’s highest point at 10,700 feet.
The trail made a backcountry camp a necessity
at Bearpaw’s strategic location at 7,800 feet
and 11.3 miles from the trailhead at Crescent Meadow.
Today the High Sierra Trail is traveled by hundreds
of hikers each summer, some destined for the tent
hotel at Bearpaw but most on a weeklong journey to
summit Mount Whitney or a quest of a few days in the
wondrous upper Kaweah backcountry.
To monitor trail traffic, a patrol cabin,
located just above Bearpaw tent camp, was constructed
for ranger use in 1934. Built of hewn logs, it is
now used for camp storage. The present-day A-frame
ranger station replaced the old log cabin in 1970.
The HST passes directly through the popular
High Sierra Camp that has operated continuously since
1934 except for the summers of 1978 and 1980 when
trail closures below Bearpaw made supplying the camp
an insurmountable task.
What’s in a name? The very mention
of a bear or its paw conjures all kinds of images,
especially among first-time visitors who might lie
awake at night listening intently for any critter
that comes calling to inspect the sights and smells
of the camp or its renowned kitchen.
According to Place Names of the Sierra
Nevada: From Abbot to Zumwalt by Peter Browning
(Wilderness Press, 1991), Bob Barton (1899-1977),
a lifelong resident of Three Rivers, is quoted: “Jim
Hamilton, for whom Hamilton Lakes were named, and
Alex Anderson of Yokohl, used to pasture stock in
that country. One of Anderson’s men set a trap
for a bear in the meadow, fastening the trap to a
log. A bear was trapped by the paw. He dragged the
log through the meadow until it caught between some
rocks. The bear went over a little cliff, but the
trap with the paw sticking up was just visible at
the edge of the precipice as Anderson’s man
came to it. He named the place Bearpaw Meadow.”
These days, there is no meadow at Bearpaw
High Sierra Camp. It has undoubtedly been claimed
by an encroaching pine forest, as well as the high
amount of foot traffic through the area.
Amenities — Luxuriously rustic.
In addition to the two-room dining tent, the camper’s
resort, operated since 1998 by Delaware North Companies
Parks & Resorts, consists of six rental tent cabins,
two showers, a flush toilet, and several employees’
tents. Reservations for each upcoming season are made
available on January 2 and prime dates are booked
within a few minutes, mostly by returning guests.
The record for most all-time overnights,
at least in the recent past, belongs to John Uhlir
of Three Rivers. John has a regular routine when it
comes to staying at Bearpaw.
“I like to make an early-season visit right
around the June opening then go at least three or
four more times throughout the season,” John
said about one of his favorite High Sierra haunts.
“I first stayed at Bearpaw 20 years ago. My
plan is to eventually stay there 100 nights.”
Another guest, Richard Stone, 83, from
Southern California, has been staying at Bearpaw every
summer since he was a boy and now brings his grandchildren.
Carolyn Pistilli, the current manager
who has been at the helm of the backcountry camp for
15 seasons, says a big part of the attraction for
her to return year after year is a chance to see old
friends like Stone and Uhlir, and to meet and greet
a very special clientele. But like any seasonal occupation,
especially those that require spending the entire
summer in the backcountry, there are sacrifices.
There are obvious tradeoffs, Carolyn
said, but now after working 30 years for the concessions
and the NPS in the local parks, she has been able
to thrive and even have some normalcy, even in her
marriage. Her husband of nine years, Chris Waldschmidt,
is a law-enforcement ranger at Sequoia-Kings Canyon.
For most of the hundreds of guests who
have hiked the 11.3 miles (and back) to stay a night
at this unique backcountry camp in the last 15 years,
it wouldn’t have been the same without Carolyn
as a guiding light. An inspirational hiker in own
right, she exudes a peaceful demeanor and an infectious
smile, all the more enhanced by her backcountry lifestyle.
The one thing that everyone at Bearpaw
is passionate about, she said, is dinner. It’s
a special time for guests to revel in the place and
share time together they remember fondly for the rest
of their lives.
“I guess if I had to single out one outstanding
employee in my time here it would have to be Joni
Badley,” Carolyn said. “She really upgraded
our kitchen operation. What we serve here can on certain
occasions rival the food served anywhere.”
Joni, an accomplished backcountry chef,
worked nine seasons at Bearpaw from 1993 until 2006
and, previously, at Phantom Ranch on the floor of
the Grand Canyon. Currently, she resides in Three
Rivers and is the manager of the dining room at Wuksachi.
Most guests, Carolyn said, stay for two
nights so that leaves another day for more hiking
or relaxing around camp. The majority opt for more
hiking and begin with Hamilton Lakes (4 miles), Tamarack
Lake (4.4 miles), or a shorter hike down into the
gorge to a secluded spot along Lone Pine Creek or
the Kaweah River’s Middle Fork.
A day of hiking ends here with lemonade
and brownies, a delectable hot shower with water from
the wood-fired water heater, congregating with other
guests on the porch before dinner, a deliciously satisfying
meal, alpenglow during dessert, watching the moon
rise over the jagged peaks of the Great Western Divide,
then curling up in a bed with a down comforter.
“Guests who come here are able to get in touch
with their inner child,” Carolyn said. “At
Bearpaw, they get back to who they really want to
be and we get to share that special time.”
In celebration of Bearpaw’s 75th
anniversary season, Carolyn commissioned a distinctively
Bearpaw design for a Pendleton blanket. The luxurious
blanket features clouds over mountains decorated with
bear paws and wrapping up in one truly captures the
essence of the warmth of a night in camp.
Park visitors may purchase the commemorative
blanket while supplies last at the Wuksachi gift shop.
For more information on Bearpaw Meadow High Sierra
Camp or for reservation information go to: www.visitsequoia.com
(click on Accommodations).
Parks volunteers honored at
About 40 people attended a potluck and
presentation at the Beetle Rock Education Center in
the Giant Forest area of Sequoia National Park on
Thursday, Aug. 20. Volunteers-in-Parks (VIPs) throughout
the country were honored on this day.
Locally, VIPs were recognized for their
work with public education and other projects. Volunteers
staff visitor centers, rove riverways, patrol trails,
replant native plants, and more.
Former NPS director George Hartzog established
the VIP program in 1970. In the past year, about 163,000
volunteers nationwide devoted 5.4 million hours of
work valued at more than $100 million to national
Smithsonian Institution Shelter
Residents of Lone Pine financed the first
trail to the summit of Mount Whitney, which is today
located in Sequoia National Park. It was engineered
by Gustave Marsh and completed July 22, 1904. Four
days later, Byrd Surby, a U.S. Bureau of Fisheries
employee, was eating lunch at the top with two co-workers
when he was struck and killed by lightning.
The original trail builder was contracted
again to construct the Mount Whitney summit shelter,
which was completed in the summer of 1909 with funding
from the Smithsonian Institute. The project was completed
in just over a month with the wood hauled up the mountain
on mules and native stone cut with hand tools.
Several scientific expeditions have used
the hut as have climbers and hikers seeking shelter
from storms. These days, those on the summit are advised
against seeking shelter from storms in the hut because
the metal roof attracts lightning that can be conducted
through the building to the individuals inside. Hikers
and climbers are warned to stay off the top of the
mountain or any exposed high place during a thunderstorm.
really can have it all
by Bill Haxton
In his reply last week to my article
about healthcare reform [Speaking Out: “Healthcare
debate not about reform but is a ‘propaganda
campaign,’” August 21, 2009], Steve Crigler
raised valid concerns, concerns shared by many Americans
whether they are against reform or for it.
One concern is that government will take
over the entirety of the health services industry.
The other is that any government involvement at all
amounts to socialism.
First, government takeover. Despite the
fears stoked by conservative talk show hosts and the
big national insurers, a government role in healthcare
does not necessarily result in a takeover. These same
arguments were made in the run-up to Medicare legislation
the 1960s, and they turned out not to be true. A measure
of proof is staring us in the face right now.
Currently, the healthcare industry is
wildly profitable and staggeringly innovative in an
environment in which government-sponsored coverage
(Medicare, Medicaid, Veterans Administration, TriCare,
SCHIP, the Federal Employees Health Benefits Program,
plus state and local plans) currently pays 45 percent
of total national expenditures, while private health
insurance pays 36 percent.
Bottom line? Government already plays
a large role and yet health industry profits are at
historic highs. New products and techniques are entering
the marketplace faster than they can be adopted.
Assertions about a government takeover
or an erosion of innovation are baseless. We have
every reason to expect that most of the healthcare
industry will remain independent, innovative, and
profitable under a public option or even under a single-payer
The socialism concern is more difficult
to approach. Government-sponsored healthcare is socialistic.
And so is every government program that serves a social
purpose and is paid for with taxes. Include the military
here. The problem is that extremists vehemently proclaim
that healthcare reform will propel the nation headlong
into socialist tyranny when, in fact, it won’t.
But perhaps we should pause for a moment.
It might help if we had a better understanding of
what socialism is, what capitalism is, and where America
resides on that spectrum.
In its pure form, socialism means government
ownership of all services and all means of production
— most, if not all, wage earners on the government
payroll. Obviously, we’re nowhere near that
condition and never will be.
On the other hand, capitalism in its
pure form means no government involvement whatever
in regulation, in provision of services, or in the
means of production. Although America began life more
or less in this condition, we are nowhere near it
now and haven’t been for at least a century-and-a-half.
What we have is a kind of hybrid system
with both capitalistic and socialistic elements, but
which is far more capitalistic than socialistic. This
system, which some have called Interventional Capitalism,
evolved naturally over 140 years.
From 1797 until 1937, America had buckled
under the oppression of four severe Depressions, eight
Panics, and 17 Recessions. That’s a Depression,
a Panic, or a Recession every five years, and once
they struck they lasted an average of more than two
Even before the 1930s, it had become
painfully apparent that laissez-faire supply-side
economics weren’t working. Despite the claims
of its evangelists, capitalism does not self-regulate
and the little bit of trickle down that occurs during
the boom part of the cycle is not enough to offset
the pain of the busts.
During the 1930s, government became significantly
more involved in regulating markets (especially financial
services) and pushed out the boundaries of physical
and social infrastructure. Conservatives, of course,
howled, “Socialism! Tyranny!”
Since that time 72 years ago, the American
economy has experienced 11 Recessions (most of them
mild), no Panics and no Depressions, with the average
recession lasting just less than a year. That period
also propelled the U.S. to become the most dynamic
social, political, and economic force in human history,
a time during which the nation became more open, more
democratic, more egalitarian — not less.
Nevertheless, ideological conservatives
continued to complain, and still complain, that America
has abandoned its founding principles. The America
they want is a vision of a bygone era best characterized
by Jefferson’s concept of democracy, a scaled-down
nation of small independent farmers and artisans,
well-educated, well-informed, completely engaged in
the political life of the nation, government nearly
impotent in the deep background. Any more government
than that is socialism trending toward tyranny.
But the Jeffersonian Ideal never existed
outside Jefferson’s mind, not even for a minute.
For better or worse, the moment we became a nation,
the realities of the broader world began pushing us
in a different direction. Even during Jefferson’s
time, urban life, capital-intensive manufacturing,
and high finance were well established.
So, if the real America — the one
we inhabit day in and day out — is a hybrid
system containing mostly democratic and some socialistic
elements, does healthcare reform really threaten our
traditions of democracy and free markets, as conservatives
Two recent publications from starkly
conservative institutions address this issue. One,
The Economist magazine’s 2008 Index of Democracy,
ranks the U.S. as the 18th most democratic nation
in the world.
The 17 countries ahead of us exceed us
in social pluralism, electoral integrity, individual
civil liberties, political participation, and government
efficiency. All of them have government-sponsored
The other publication, The Heritage Foundation’s
and the Wall Street Journal’s 2009 Index of
Economic Freedom, surveys a nation’s commitment
to the fundamental principles of free market capitalism.
Here, the U.S. ranks sixth. All five
countries ahead of us, those with more economic freedom
than the U.S., have publicly funded universal healthcare.
Of the top 20, all but a couple also have publicly
funded universal healthcare.
This doesn’t look much like tyranny
or like socialism. Tyranny disempowers, but government-sponsored
universal healthcare appears to liberate the societies
that have it. It has little or no impact on democratic
liberties, little or no impact on economic freedom.
This is one of those rare instances in
which we really can have it all — freedom, capitalism,
and universal healthcare — without conflict.
Bill Haxton is a resident
of Three Rivers. He authored a previous article on
healthcare that appeared in the August 14, 2009, issue
of The Kaweah Commonwealth.
LETTER FROM THE
THREE RIVERS SCHOOL
Vandals target TRUS
To TRUS students and
the community of Three Rivers:
Over the last month, some very disturbing
things have happened on the TRUS campus. Several incidences
of vandalism have occurred after hours.
They took place most frequently when
men’s softball was happening on Tuesday and
Thursday evenings. More than once, a staff member
working here preparing for the start of school or
I would see a large group of upper graders and high
school students wandering, running, yelling, and/or
hiding around the campus. We knew them, we talked
to them, and then the next day some vandalism occurred.
Here are some examples of the disturbing
behaviors that have been occurring:
—Students were up on the administration roof;
a few tiles were torn up and, along with other items,
thrown to the ground.
—A breaker switch was flipped on an air conditioner.
—Inappropriate writing was scrawled on the roof.
—Mrs. St. Martin, the new kindergarten teacher,
regularly found broken glass on the kindergarten play-yard,
as well as play equipment that had been flipped over.
—Excrement was smeared on a classroom window.
—Insulting and inappropriate words were etched
into one of the doors.
—Someone walked by the portable classrooms with
something sharp and slashed all the screens. They
all now have to be rescreened.
—The night before the first day of school (Wednesday,
Aug. 19), the lower playground was strewn with broken
beer bottles and glass. Several parents spotted it
and worked to clean it up, but pieces were missed
and have subsequently been found by students.
—I came to work last Sunday to find the hallways
totally covered and wrapped in plastic wrap, from
pole to pole, across the hallways, around the trees.
No harm done, but it had to be cleaned up. (Moms,
are you missing your roll from the kitchen?)
—Some stop signs were put up around campus to
assist a kindergarten student in remembering his boundaries.
Those were ripped out of the ground, and one was found
half-burned on the upper field.
My question is, why? What is the point?
It is obvious to me that it is our kids,
not kids from the Valley, not gang-bangers from another
community, but our present or past Three Rivers students.
I have lived in Three Rivers for almost
35 years, and I love this school and community. I
find these actions to be completely disrespectful.
Susan Sherwood is
embarking on her 15th year as superintendent of Three
Public invited to
tour of Crystal Cave
The public is invited to visit Crystal
Cave on Tuesday, Sept. 1, for an informational presentation
on the cave-area facilities. This is in preparation
of a proposed redevelopment and restoration project
at the cave.
A special cave tour will be provided
at 10 a.m. for meeting participants with an informational
presentation to follow at the Crystal Cave parking
lot at 11:30 a.m.
Only the first 50 people who register
will be able to take advantage of the free cave tour.
Call 565-3102 if interested in attending.
However, all members of the public are
welcome to attend the 11:30 a.m. meeting.
Sequoia and Kings Canyon National Parks
and the Sequoia Natural History Association are currently
seeking input from the public in preparation of an
environmental assessment. Work being considered to
improve the existing visitor facilities includes improving
the parking lot and picnic area, replacing the existing
bathrooms with vault toilets, rehabilitating the access
trail to the cave, constructing a new sales and information
facility, and restoring the cave entrance to improve
habitat and ecology.
The public comment period on this project
will continue through September 25.
Comments may be submitted online at http://parkplanning.nps.gov/seki;
by email at seki_planning
@nps.gov; by mail to Superintendent, Sequoia and
Kings Canyon National Parks, Attn: Crystal Cave Redevelopment
and Restoration Project, 47050 Generals Highway, Three
Rivers, CA 93271; or hand-delivered to the Ash Mountain
WELCOME TO MY FOOD COLUMN
by Tina St. John
Chocolate. Sometimes I think there may
not be enough delicious words in the dictionary to
describe the extraordinary wonders of chocolate.
Growing up, I had the great fortune of
receiving a large tin filled with Belgian chocolates
regularly. My grandmother, Germaine Launoy, who lived
in Montigny, Belgium, outside Brussels sent us a tin
filled with assorted chocolates every month for as
long as I can remember.
These were not your Hershey’s or
Dove chocolates; these were Belgian chocolates! The
package was distinctly wrapped in a brown packaging
unlike anything I had ever seen in the U.S.
The writing on the outside was my grandmother’s,
undoubtedly, so I always knew what was inside. Plus
it would have the words Par Avion written on the outside,
which means “air mail” in French. (This
must be the way the Belgians write as my mother’s
handwriting was of the same style.)
At any rate, it was the tin box delivering
the chocolates that we children so loved. The smell,
the wrapping, and the anticipation of what she sent
It was always the same, but never dull.
There were bars of white chocolate, milk chocolate
with centers of hazelnut cream, and fancy-shaped dark
When the box arrived my mother would
lock it up in a cedar closet, which happened to be
across the hall from my bedroom. She would hide the
key somewhere in her room.
When she would go out for whatever reason,
my sister and I would try to find the key. If we were
lucky enough to find it, we would steal some chocolate
out of the box and hope that my mother wouldn’t
notice any missing.
It was as though we were robbing a bank.
Timing and precision were key in order to pull off
our heist. It was worth it, even if we did get caught.
My paternal grandmother also fancied
chocolate in her American way. She made the most delicious
chocolate cake that a child could ever hope for. Or
at least that’s how I felt every time she would
bribe me to recite a first grade poem I’d learned
for a slice of her chocolate cake.
Little did she know her wish was always
my command for her moist, slathered-in-butter-cream-frosting,
melt-in-your-mouth chocolate cake.
Last year, when two of my children traveled
to Europe, they had second thoughts about visiting
Brussels. When they emailed me their travel plans,
I told them that not going to Brussels was not an
This was their trip and who was I to
demand they go to Brussels? However this was different.
They had to go. How else were they going to get the
beloved Côte d’Or chocolate?
“Are you serious, Mom?” Absolutely!
My taste for chocolates was born from
my childhood. What could I do? It’s my destiny.
As a result of reaping the benefits of
fine chocolates and regular tasting of the best chocolate
cake, I became a chocolate connoisseur. Studying and
eating chocolate is a lifelong passion.
Don’t you think someone has to
be doing that?
Did you know that way back 1528 when
Cortez returned to Spain from the land of the Mayans
and Aztecs, he brought with him cacao beans? He was
the first to introduce chocolate to Europe. The world
has never been the same since.
There are movies dedicated to this luscious
treat: Chocolat, Like Water for Chocolate,
and Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory.
There are even chocolate quotes:
Money talks. Chocolate sings.
Forget Love. I’d rather fall in
Will work for chocolate.
Eat a square meal a day: a box of chocolate.
Chocolate: Here today… gone today.
I mean, really, what would our lives
be without this delectable food? And, yes, it is a
Raw chocolate, cacao, is a superfood
with many nutrients: magnesium, iron, chromium, zinc,
manganese, and omega-6-fatty acids to name a few.
Below are two chocolate recipes for you
chocolate lovers. One is a delicious, rich Belgian
Truffle (my mother’s recipe) to be eaten in
moderation. It actually should have a warning label
The other is Cacao Truffle Fudge. Eat
as many as you like. It’s a superfood, so it’s
really good for you! Trust me, you won’t be
½ lb. (2 sticks) of butter, softened
¾ lb. imported European chocolate, melted (Callebaut
bittersweet chocolate can be found at specialty stores)
¼ tsp. vanilla extract
2 egg yolks
6 Tbsp. powdered sugar
Powdered chocolate (sweetened or unsweetened cocoa
Mix well together butter, melted chocolate,
vanilla extract, egg yolks and powdered sugar. Pour
in flat container such as pie plate. Let cool in refrigerator.
Cut into pieces and form into small balls. Roll in
powdered chocolate. Store in airtight container. Used
wax paper to separate layers of truffles. Refrigerate
Recipe from Tina St. John’s
“Welcome to My Food Column,” published
August 28, 2009, in THE
CACAO TRUFFLE FUDGE
1 cup of organic raw coconut butter
½ cup organic raw honey
1/3 cup raw cacao powder
½ cup golden raisins, cranberries or chopped
Mix ingredients and roll into balls.
Refrigerate. These are a perfect snack. Each ingredient
is a superfood.
Recipe from Tina St. John’s
“Welcome to My Food Column,” published
August 28, 2009, in THE KAWEAH COMMONWEALTH.